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Cell Phone Laws - Driving while talking on your cell phone

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State
Hand Held Ban Young drivers all cellphone ban Bus drivers all cell phone ban Texting ban Enforcement
Alabama no drivers age 16 and 17-year-old drivers who have held an intermediate license for fewer than 6 months (effective 07/01/10) no drivers age 16 and 17-year-old drivers who have held an intermediate license for fewer than 6 months (effective 07/01/10) primary (effective 07/01/10)
Alaska no no no all drivers primary
Arizona no no school bus drivers no primary
Arkansas drivers 18 or older but younger than 21 drivers younger than 18 school bus drivers all drivers primary: texting by all drivers and cellphone use by school bus drivers; secondary: cellphone use by young drivers.
The law in Arkansas prohibits police from stopping a vehicle to determine if a driver is in compliance with the law. Clearly, that language prohibits the use of checkpoints to enforce the law, but it has been interpreted as the functional equivalent of secondary provisions that typically state the officer may not stop someone suspected of a violation unless there is other, independent, cause for a stop.
California all drivers drivers younger than 18 school and transit bus drivers all drivers primary; secondary for hands-free cellphone use by young drivers.
The law in California prohibits police from stopping a vehicle to determine if a driver is in compliance with the law. Clearly, that language prohibits the use of checkpoints to enforce the law, but it has been interpreted as the functional equivalent of secondary provisions that typically state the officer may not stop someone suspected of a violation unless there is other, independent, cause for a stop.
Colorado no drivers younger than 18 no all drivers primary
Connecticut all drivers drivers younger than 18 school bus drivers all drivers primary
Delaware no learner's permit and intermediate license holders school bus drivers learner's permit and intermediate license holders
primary
District of Columbia all drivers learner's permit holders school bus drivers all drivers primary
Florida no no no no not applicable

 

State
Hand Held Ban Young drivers all cellphone ban Bus drivers all cell phone ban Texting ban Enforcement
Georgia no no school bus drivers no primary
Hawaii no no no no not applicable
Idaho no no no no not applicable
Illinois drivers in construction and school speed zones drivers younger than 19 and learner's permit holders younger than 19 school bus drivers all drivers primary
Indiana no drivers younger than 18 no drivers younger than 18 primary
Iowa no learner's permit and intermediate license holders (effective 07/01/10) no all drivers (effective 07/01/10) primary for learner's permit and intermediate license holders; secondary for texting (effective 07/01/10)
Kansas no learner's permit and intermediate license holders no all drivers (effective 07/01/10) primary
Kentucky no drivers younger than 18 (effective 07/13/10) school bus drivers all drivers (effective 07/13/10) primary (effective 07/13/10)
Louisiana with respect to novice drivers, see footnote2 with respect to novice drivers: in Louisiana, all learner's permit holders, irrespective of age, and all intermediate license holders are prohibited from driving while using a hand-held cellphone and all drivers younger than 18 are prohibited from using any cellphone. Effective April 1, 2010 all drivers, irrespective of age, issued a first driver�s license will be prohibited from using a cellphone for one year. school bus drivers all drivers secondary; primary for school bus drivers
Maine no learner's permit and intermediate license holders no learner's permit and intermediate license holders primary

 

State
Hand Held Ban Young drivers all cellphone ban Bus drivers all cell phone ban Texting ban Enforcement
Maryland all drivers (effective 10/01/10) learner's permit and provisional license holders younger than 18 (effective 10/01/10) school bus drivers (hand-held ban) (effective 10/01/10) all drivers secondary; primary for texting
Massachusetts no no school bus drivers no primary
Michigan no no no all drivers (effective 07/01/10) primary (effective 07/01/10)
Minnesota no learner's permit holders and provisional license holders during the first 12 months after licensing school bus drivers all drivers primary
Mississippi no no no learner's permit and intermediate license holders primary
Missouri no no no drivers 21 and younger primary
Montana no no no no not applicable
Nebraska no learner's permit and intermediate license holders younger than 18 no all drivers (effective 07/14/10) secondary
Nevada no no no no not applicable
New Hampshire no no no all drivers primary

 

State
Hand Held Ban Young drivers all cellphone ban Bus drivers all cell phone ban Texting ban Enforcement
New Jersey all drivers learner's permit and intermediate license holders school bus drivers all drivers primary
New Mexico no no no no not applicable
New York all drivers no no all drivers primary; secondary for text messaging
North Carolina no drivers younger than 18 school bus drivers all drivers primary
North Dakota no no no no not applicable
Ohio no no no no not applicable
Oklahoma no no school bus drivers and public transit drivers (effective 11/01/10) school bus drivers and public transit drivers (effective 11/01/10) primary (effective 11/01/10)
Oregon all drivers drivers younger than 18 no all drivers not applicable
Pennsylvania no no no no not applicable
Rhode Island no drivers younger than 18 school bus drivers all drivers primary

 

State
Hand Held Ban Young drivers all cellphone ban Bus drivers all cell phone ban Texting ban Enforcement
South Carolina no no no no not applicable
South Dakota no no no no not applicable
Tennessee no learner's permit and intermediate license holders school bus drivers all drivers primary
Texas drivers in school crossing zones intermediate license holders for the first twelve months bus drivers when a passenger 17 and younger is present bus drivers when a passenger 17 and younger is present; intermediate license holders for first twelve months; drivers in school crossing zones primary
Utah all drivers no no all drivers primary for texting; secondary for talking on a hand-held cellphone.
Utah's law defines careless driving as committing a moving violation (other than speeding) while distracted by use of a hand-held cellphone or other activities not related to driving.
Vermont no no no no not applicable
Virginia no drivers younger than 18 school bus drivers all drivers secondary; primary for school bus drivers
Washington all drivers learner's permit and intermediate license holders (effective 06/10/10) no all drivers primary (effective 06/10/10)
West Virginia no drivers younger than 18 who hold either a learner's permit or an intermediate license no drivers younger than 18 who hold either a learner's permit or an intermediate license primary
Wisconsin no no no all drivers (effective 12/01/10) primary (effective 12/01/10)
Wyoming no no no all drivers (effective 07/01/10) primary (effective 07/01/10)

 

 

Information from the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety
Laws current as of June 2010

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